Believe it or not dogs are catching to Flu now too! A new dog flu is sweeping across the U.S. What started in only the Midwest is now on the move. This new strain of the canine influenza known as H3N2 is confirmed on the east coast in Georgia.
H3N2 just like other strains of the influenza virus can be deadly. Symptoms include coughing, fever, runny nose or nasal discharge, lethargy, and anorexia ( lack of appetite). Just because your dog is up to date on his vaccines does not mean he is safe from this strain of flu. As vaccines are produced every year for both humans and dogs, the virus’ mutate causing new strains and variations that are resistant to the vaccines, therefore your dogs can still become sick even with proper vaccination.
In April , H3N2 virus had sickened more then 1,000 dogs in Chicago. It is now confirmed in several other states including, Ohio, Alabama, California, Texas, Massachusetts, New York, Wisconsin, Michigan, New Jersey, Iowa and Indiana. The current estimate of dogs infected throughout the country is into the several thousands but has not yet reached 10,000.
How is the virus spreading? It is believed the virus is spreading threw nose to nose contact. According to the CDC at this time there is no evidence the virus can transfer from dog to human. It CAN however transfer from dog to cat. Estimated death rate will be 2-3% of dogs infected so don’t panic if your dog contracts the virus, but do seek a veterinarian immediately. Most animals with canine influenza recover over a period of 2-3 weeks. There is no ” cure” for the virus.
Bull Terrier: Origin, Stereotypes, Temperament
Bull Terriers are a type of terrier that are best known for their outwardly sloped “egg” faces. For many people, the most recognizable Bull Terrier is Spot, the Target mascot. We will discuss the Bull Terrier’s origins, stereotypes, and the reasons that this breed makes a wonderful companion.
The Origin of the Bull Terrier
Bull Terriers have a long history, dating back to the early 1800’s in England. Initially, “Bull and Terrier” breeds had two purposes: for vermin control, and for participation in popular blood sports of the day. The original Bull and Terrier breeds were based on Old English Bulldogs (a now-extinct breed) and Old English Terriers. Since the exact lineage of these dogs is unknown, it is probable that other terrier breeds were represented as well.
As a group of dogs, Bull and Terrier breeds were intended to have the speed and agility of the more lightly built terriers, but the tenacity of the Bulldog. The goal was to create an animal that would perform well in combat situations. This was required for animals used in blood sports. Sadly, many of these dogs were bred for fighting bulls and bears for entertainment, which necessitated a strong-willed, fearless animal that had both strength and speed.
Despite the value of a bulldog / terrier cross during the evolution of the Bull Terrier, little was done to preserve the ancestry of this dog. No breed standards existed until the mid-1900’s, and breeding was solely based on performance measures, as opposed to the dog’s appearance. Eventually, Bull and Terrier breeds were divided into two groups: Bull Terriers and Staffordshire Bull Terriers. The latter of which was smaller and easier to handle than the former.
In the mid-1850’s, James Hinks began breeding Bull and Terrier type dogs to the now-extinct English White Terrier. His intention was to create an animal with a cleaner appearance, better legs, and a nicer head than standard terriers. In 1862, he entered a dog named “Puss” into the Bull Terrier Class in a Chelsea dog show. Puss was immediately popular, and thus “Hinks Breed,” also known as “The White Cavalier,” was born. Over time, what is now known as the Bull Terrier was bred with Dalmatian, Whippet, Spanish Pointer, Borzoi, and Rough Collie to create the dog as we know it today. The first modern Bull Terrier, named “Lord Gladiator,” was recognized in 1917.
Although Tom Hinks set out to create an all-white dog, there are many health problems associated with all-white coloring, including deafness. In 1936, the AKC began recognizing colored Bull Terriers, with brindle being the preferred coloring today.
Bull Terrier Stereotypes
Bull Terriers are not commonly considered a fighting breed. However, to the uninformed they suffer from many of the same stereotypes as other bully breeds. Indeed, the blanket term “pit bull” commonly includes Bull Terriers.
One of the top stereotypes of this breed is that it is vicious, which could not be further from the truth. In fact, part of the breed standard for the Bull Terrier is a “gentleman” temperament.
Another common stereotype of pit bull-type dogs is that they have locking jaws, which will latch onto humans, dogs, or other animals and never let go. Again, this stereotype has been proven time and again to be merely a myth.
Bull Terriers are also unfairly assumed to be poor candidates for living with children and other pets. It is true that some terriers are inherently dog-aggressive. However, the Bull Terrier is well known for its ability to get along well with other animals, especially when properly socialized. Similarly, Bull Terriers are widely considered one of the top breeds for children, due to their fun-loving nature.
While people commonly assume that all forms of pit bulls have been bred for fighting, this is simply not true. Indeed, James Hinks’ original Bull Terrier was not intended for the fighting ring, and instead as a “gentleman’s companion.”
Bull Terriers as Companions
What makes Bull Terriers great dogs and companions? The typical Bull Terrier personality should be charming, mischievous, and playful, which is why this dog is revered by many. Part of the reason this breed was initially called the “White Cavalier” is because of the level of chivalry a Bull Terrier is supposed to possess. For instance, this dog should never start a fight, but should be courageous enough to finish one.
Additionally, the Bull Terrier socializes well with both humans and other animals. Indeed, according to a poll conducted by the American Kennel Club, 94% of Bull Terrier owners say this breed is good with children. In addition, 84% of owners say this breed is good with other dogs. Since the Bull Terrier was never intended to be a pit-fighter, few Bull Terriers display inherent dog-aggression.
For many dog owners, Bull Terriers are ideal because they can be very independent dogs. They have an even temperament and accept discipline well. At times they can be stubborn, which makes them better for experienced dog owners; however, they are extremely people-oriented pets. As with any dog, socialization is necessary for ensuring they get along well with unfamiliar people and animals. In terms of temperament, a 2008 German study showed that the Bull Terrier most closely matches that of the Golden Retriever. The Golden Retriever is widely regarded as one of the most family-friendly canine companions.
The Standard Bull Terrier
The Bull Terrier is a short, dense dog that weighs 55 – 65 lbs. Shorter in stature than a typical pit bull, these dogs make great companions for people who prefer a smaller dog. Miniature Bull Terriers also exist. They stand only 14’’ tall at the shoulder, and are approximately half the height of the Standard Bull Terrier. The average lifespan of this breed is 10 – 14 years, which typical for a dog of this size. Bull Terriers do not require extensive grooming, due to their short, rough coat.
Ultimately, the Bull Terrier is an older breed with origins in England. Bull Terriers are unfairly stereotyped, like all “pit bulls”. At the end of the day, they make fantastic companions due to their friendly and loving nature.
Ruff House Rescue | Millions of Adobtable Pets are sitting in Shelters
Ruff House Rescue saves homeless pets from kill shelters here, and across the country. Animal rescue has become a necessity because euthanasia is the primary solution. Shelters (funded by your tax dollars) have been put in place to solve the homeless pet problem. Without rescues like Ruff House, countless more would perish in the shelter system, which euthanizes healthy, adoptable pets every day.
Ruff House Rescue pulls hundreds of animals every year from these shelters and finds these pets the loving homes they deserve. Ruff House is comprised of dedicated volunteers, who give their time and their love to help save so many. Once having been rescued by us from a shelter, each pet is vaccinated, altered and micro-chipped. They are loved and cared for until they find a home to call their own. This could take a day or a year. No adoptable animal is euthanized.
Bully Girl Magazine had a chance to sit down with the president and founder Diane Indelicato for an exclusive interview, to let her explain what Ruff House Rescue is all about. Here is what she had to say:
Tell our readers about Ruff House Rescue, and how it all began.
Ruff House Rescue started in 2009. We’re a 501c 3 organization. There has always been a tremendous need for rescue, especially for the bully breed. We started pulling pit bull breeds and other breeds from the Manhattan and Brooklyn shelters, and rehoming them. We have foster homes for our dogs, and we have our own facility here in Freeport, NY on the nautical mile. Our dogs are spayed, neutered, vaccinated and microchipped before they go to a new home. Adopters must be approved before any dog is sent home. We’ve rescued and found new forever homes for a lot of dogs since our inception.
Do you focus on mostly rescuing bully breeds, or do you rescue all dog breeds?
We rescue all types of dogs. A lot of people are confused with what dog rescue actually means. While we encourage dog adoption, we do understand that bully breed dogs aren’t for everybody, so we do rescue and find homes for all types of dogs. People are very open to adopting, so we want them to understand know that there are all types of dogs to adopt, and that rescuing doesn’t pertain to any one breed of dog. They can come in and meet all of the different breeds that we have rescued, and see which is the perfect fit for their family.
Explain to our readers, why it is so important to spay or neuter their pets.
Rescuing is not just all about adopting out dogs to new homes. It’s also about educating people to help them understand why they need to spay and neuter their pets. The main reason is because millions of beautiful, adoptable pets around the world are sitting in shelters, and are euthanized daily. I don’t think there is enough awareness. I think people need to get involved, and make a difference. Adopting might not be as convenient as going to a puppy store or breeder, but for every puppy or dog that you are buying a shelter dog is being euthanized somewhere. So we just want people to be educated and aware of what is going on.
What would be the best way for someone who is looking to adopt, to get in touch with Ruff House Rescue?
To adopt a puppy or dog from our facility, please visit our website at www.ruffhouserescue.org. You can also email us at firstname.lastname@example.org, or you can visit our facebook page at facebook.com/ruffhouserescueny.
French Bulldog: Origin, Stereotypes, and Temperament
The French bulldog originated in England and was made to be a toy- size version of a Bulldog. The breed was very popular among lace workers in the city of Nottingham. When many lace workers emigrated to France for better opportunities, they generally brought their little bulldogs with them.
The French bulldog flourished in France and Europe, and its charm was soon found by Americans too. The United States saw its initial French Bulldogs at the Westminster Kennel Show in 1896. The breed was immediately nicknamed “Frenchie,” and is still a loving name that is used today.
All through the late 1800s there was a great popularity for the Bulldogs in France, and it was also during this time that the dog was taken to North America. The French bulldog has always been a member of a non-sporting breed dog group and is best known as the family pet. The breed was first acknowledged into the American Kennel Club in 1898. When full-grown they would normally weigh between seventeen and twenty-eight pounds with a standard height of eleven to twelve inches at the shoulder. By looking at the needs and temperament of a French bulldog, you can determine if this breed is right for you and your family.
These pups are not only an awesome choice for a domestic pet but an excellent one. They are adorable, intelligent, and are okay to stay at home throughout the day; the dogs are small and therefore ideal even for apartments where there may not be much space. They will also do well in farms house because of their adaptability.
French bulldogs may be small or medium in their overall size and frequently has a dwarf mastiff look. They usually have broad shoulders, thick neck, deep chest, and muscles that are well builded. The fur is usually a brindle color or fawn and white. If they are not used as a show dogs, they can also be bred with a coat color of black, mouse, and liver colors.
Bulldog breeders, like most purebred breeders, love the breed; the French bulldogs are not low maintenance dogs, so it takes real love for breeders to devote their lives and homes to a particular breed. They have specific health, behavioral and social needs, and a good breeder satisfies these needs and helps prospective buyers meet the needs of a French bulldog puppy.
French bulldog is in fact the breed of dog that first appeared in France in the mid-19th century. They were probably the stunted English bulldog that the British laborer brought to France at that time. These breeds have seen an extended historical past being a companion dog. They are small and muscular canines that have a short and smooth coat and a strong bone design, along with a pug nose and a screwed or straight tail. French bulldog has a wide square head, a very short snout and huge bat ears. It has wrinkles and loose skin on its shoulder area and head.
Each breed of dog has its own stereotype. For example, there is a general believe that bulldogs are lazy, pit bulls are aggressive. But when you think more about it, you realize that you’ve seen one or more bulldogs that were really active and friendly, and a very energetic bulldog. The following are the few stereotypes usually identify with a French bulldogs.
Some folks believed that French bulldogs are very stubborn. French Bulldogs are intelligent and eager to please. Some of them are known to be stubborn, but most of them are fine in obedience classes.
They are Rowdy: These dogs are among the friendliest breeds, laid back and never nervous, even as puppies are rowdy and lively, adult Frenchies mellow out quickly and prefer an afternoon nap to a long walk in the park.
They are not athletic: Frenchies required low Exercise. French Bulldogs are not extremely athletic. They usually need a relatively short walk once or twice a day, depending on the dog energy level and strength, and their favorite is a game of fetch and ball chase occasionally. Also, a lot of folks believe the dog has no shame. It is believed that the French bulldog prefers to be the center of attention, and has no shame.
They are not good swimmers: Have you ever heard that a French bulldog can not swim? Well, basically they can not! Please do not leave your Frenchie unattended close to anybody of water. Swimming and the French bulldog do not go hand in hand. Every Frenchie will eventually go under, some may seem more buoyant or quicker than others, especially when they are younger because they do not weigh a lot.
Among the numerous temperaments of French bulldogs, what really make them most adorable pet is that they are usually very intelligent, and they can be trained quickly. They can be a very good guard dog if properly trained. French Bulldogs as well do not bark outrageously. However, they mainly bark if they have problem to express to you, and that may included if a thief is in the house.
In addition, the dog has a good temperament and tends to behave well. They also enjoy hunting for rats, which means you will not need a cat. Above all, they are an incredible companion pet. They can be very adorable, affectionate and would rather play. Due to their small stature, they do not require much space, or a huge back or frontyard to play or train.
They are not an aggressive breed, though they do tend to nip, they instead like to out pour affection rather than holding a reservation, or suspicion of the world. This implies they are good with kids. They are always seeking attention, but not in an obsessive or unhealthy way.
With that said, these dogs crave affection so much that, although they are normally known as the ideal adaptable home dog, they can often get anxious or unhappy if they stay home too long. They are by and large confident animals, but that does not make them resistant to become very dependent in the presence of their owners. This makes the dog unsuitable for owner who is constantly away from home, and is better suited to the owner with more time on their hands.
Not just that, but the Frenchie can be destructive in a home without appropriate guidance. They are “rough players” of their size, they like to chew things, play tug-of-war against inanimate objects, and dig if the environment allows. While they may be the most confident couch potatoes you have ever seen, this does not mean that you should leave them alone for long periods of time, as some Frenchies may be particularly prone to extreme separation anxiety.
In general, French Bulldogs are friendly and well-tempered animals whose worst temperament is that they can have a stubborn streak. They are genial by nature, they are not quick in aggression, and the anxiety of separation comes exclusively from how much they love their owners.
French bulldogs can be very costly to reproduce, time intensive to look after, and they are not necessarily great moms. French bulldog breeding can be difficult, and should be done by a certified veterinarian. The French Bulldog is more challenging to train than most dog breeds. They can be a humorous, loving, entertaining, fairly sweet, and frisky dog. Frenchies are among the sweetest, most agreeable, and sociable of nearly all varieties. They are very playful, but some adult males can be very hostile sometimes.
This breed can always be said to have a clownish grin on their face. The Frenchie has large, bats like ears, and robust protecting instincts and desires to protect the people he really loves. They are incredibly loveable. They like to be cuddled and desire a lot of human attention. These pups are not a hyper or noisy breed of dog. However, they are very anxious and persistent. They are certainly a small companion dog, energetic, yet not athletic. French bull dogs are skilled predators of rodents, though not bigger prey, comparable to their English bulldog relatives.
The French bulldog is really a dog that usually takes satisfaction in becoming a beloved family dog. They are an excellent domestic pet, but are likely to be better in families with more mature individuals. The Frenchie is a wonderful companion and a very good member of the family. They are certainly sociable and require family ties.
The dog is certainly an indoor pet and will require air conditioning in hot weather conditions. They are generally simple to care for, and on account of their size, they do not require an excessive amount of living space. This dog is perfect for an apartment because it does not require excessive physical exercise. They can also be suitable for innumerable accommodations, whether a large open farm or a small apartment. They are exceptional friends of the elderly. French bulldogs can be quite a pack of energy, but in general they are quiet, lovable pets.
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